Knee Conditions Treated at Sports Med London
The knee’s range of motion, as well as its ability to bear more load than just your bodyweight, makes it one of the body’s most remarkable joints. However, its ability to roll, slide, and rotate through that motion range also makes it vulnerable to sports injuries and other damage – and that’s where Sports Med London comes in.
Our team of experts treat a range of knee conditions, such as ACL tears, arthritis, and kneecap dislocation.
Treatment Of Knee Injuries
Injuring your knee while playing sport can affect the bones, the shiny, rubbery surface that covers the ends of the bones (articular cartilage), the cartilage that is specialised for shock absorption and load distribution (menisci), the joint lining (capsules), and the ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are one of the most common knee injuries we see at Sports Med London. The ACL is one of the joint’s major ligaments, as it stabilises the knee when it rotates and stops the shin bone (tibia) from sliding in front of the thigh bone (femur).
One of the most common ways of injuring or tearing the ACL is with a sudden change in direction, but it can also happen if the joint suddenly is forced beyond straight or is bent excessively. A sudden stop while running, landing incorrectly when jumping, or a collision such as a rugby tackle can tear the ACL.
If you tear your ACL, you may hear a pop or feel a popping sensation in your knee, which then swells, feels wobbly, and may even give way. After positively diagnosing an ACL tear, we can treat it non-surgically with the R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), physical therapy, and a knee brace, or we can treat it surgically.
Knee arthritis is caused when the articular cartilage on the end of the shin and thigh bones, and under the kneecap (patella) breaks down, causing bone to rub against bone. The damages the joint by making the bone hard and causing the formation of bone spurs (osteophytes) on the edges. Bone spurs increase the pain by pinching or catching on the surrounding tissue.
Knee arthritis may be genetic, but it can also be caused by a sports injury such as a fracture, a ligament injury, or repeated trauma. When we treat knee arthritis, we usually start with non-surgical methods such as simple painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, lifestyle modifications, physiotherapy, knee braces, cortisone injections, and supplements such as glucosamine chondroitin sulphate.
If non-surgical methods don’t relieve pain or get your knee in working order, you may need to have surgery. Surgeries used to treat knee arthritis include arthroscopy, realignment osteotomy, arthroplasty (knee replacement), and synovectomy.